The historian Friedrich Heer
was born in Vienna in 1916. He received a PhD at the University
in Vienna in 1938. Even as a student he came into conflict with
pan-German thinking historians as a staunch opponent of National
Friedrich Heer was arrested for the first time on 11 March 1938
by the Austrian Nazis. He founded a small Catholic resistance group
and sought to amalgamate into one organised band the Christians,
Communists and Trades Unionists against the Nazis, and as a soldier
later came into contact with the resistance group "Soldatenrat".
From 1946 to 1961 Friedrich Heer was the editor of the weekly magazine
Die Furche [The Furrow] and in 1961 he was appointed chief
literacy to the Vienna Burgtheater. He taught at the University
of Vienna. The majority of his books have been translated into several
In 1967 Friedrich Heer became the first winner of the Martin Buber-Franz
Rosenzweig Medal, awarded by a group of fourty-four German societies
for Christian and Jewish understanding, for his achievement with
God's First Love.
Friedrich Heer died in Vienna in 1983.